- Become less easily distressed than those who developed problems
- Have an active, sociable, “engaging” temperament that attracted adults and peers alike
- Possess good communication and problem-solving skills, including the ability to recruit substitute caregivers
- Have a talent or special skill that was valued by their peers
- Have faith that their actions could make a positive difference in their lives
- Draw on external resources in the family and community
- Had affectional ties that encouraged trust, autonomy, and initiative provided by alternative caregivers who were members of the extended family
- Had informal support systems in the community that reinforced and rewarded the competencies of youth and provided them with positive role models.
Chapter 7: What can we learn about resilience from large-scale longitudinal studies?