"Research supports the existence of a number of factors that have been associated with positive responses in the face of stress, including
- social support and having a close social network
- taking care of one's self physically as well as mentally
- possessing particular skills (i.e., self-regulation, cognitive flexibility)
"Moreover, such factors seem to have a cumulative effect on stress such that persons possessing a greater number of protective factors are more likely to adapt positively in the face of stress and display resilience (Leary & DeRosier, 2012)."
- and the style with which one thinks about the past and future events (i.e., optimism, pessimism) (Leary & DeRosier, 2012)."
- Emotional (sometimes called non-tangible) support refers to the actions people take to make someone else feel cared for.
- Instrumental support refers to the physical, such as money and housekeeping.
- Informational support means providing information to help someone.