Quote: A major paradigm shift of shamanic healing is 'soul recovery,' involving reintegration of dissociated aspects of the self. Shamanic treatment of soul loss involved a conceptualization similar to TM and AA views of addiction as resulting from a lack of spirituality. Spirituality can be seen as reflecting collective dimensions of, and the individual connectedness with, the social group. Soul loss reflects this lack of individual connection with broader units of social identity" (p. 347).
Article: Alternative and traditional medicine approaches for substance abuse programs: A shamanic perspective